April 18 2018
Rug making is the most classic way to provide beautiful flooring solution. Handmade carpets have been made in many countries but the first rug was made by the Tribal shepherds who did not have a proper home and wanted heavy clothes to cover themselves from the cold air, cold and hot surface. Over the centuries, the rug makers developed techniques for knotting amazing beautiful patterns and made the rug as a form of fine arts. Today, the rugs are made by both hands and machines but the handmade carpets are thousand times better than machine made carpets. Some people think that how weaver can make the design using threads, how difficult is it to weave? I am going to tell you that why handmade carpet is an expensive product and then about machine made carpet and lastly, how a rug is made.
This is the first step. In this step, the raw material of silk and wool is turned into yarn using chakra machine. When unprocessed wool comes in the factory, it is separated by hand to break up the clumps and remove any other material that may have got stuck in it.
After that weavers wash the yarn for removing dust particles and grass from the yarn. They also use detergent and wash it several times for cleaning it properly.
For the dying method, a handmade carpet is woven using vegetable wet dyeing method and some people also call it as natural dyeing method. Dying solution is heated to a near-boiling temperature for a specific period of time after that weavers put washed yarn into the dye solution according to the output color. For example, if a customer wants dark color then you should put yarn for 20-30 minutes otherwise you can take it outside after 10 minutes.
The above process will take minimum 15 days for completing this process. After that, they start weaving the carpet. There are three main techniques for weaving a carpet. The hand-tufted technique, Hand knotted Technique, Flat woven technique. Hand-knotted technique is also divided into three parts. For a different style, carpets are woven in a different type of hand knotted techniques. For example, Turkish knots, Persian knots, Tibetan knots, Jutfi knots.
A) Hand Knotted Carpet:- First, the artist draws the design on paper then weaver adjust handloom according to the size of the carpet. Maximum three people work together in a single handloom. First, they bind the warp which can in cotton yarn, wool yarn, silk yarn horizontally on the handloom then start to weave the carpet from down to up process. They make knots (combination of the vertical pile and horizontal pile) and bind together. After creating about ten wefts the weavers work fast. This is call weft. Weft means the upper part of carpet which is made in silk, wool, cotton etc?
B) Hand tufted carpet:- In this carpet, weavers have drawn a design on the cotton cloth and then use a stitched gun for inserting the knots in cotton cloths. This is less expensive as compared to the hand-knotted carpet. This is less durable carpet. When they complete the insertion part of the material then they add the secondary cloths for the backing support.
C) Hand- Woven:- This is also known as a flat woven rug. Handmade dhurrie is woven in this technique. The warp is in cotton and weft may in wool, chenille, silk, jute etc.
After that, they finally check that if any threads are coming out or any color mismatching occurs and do final finishing. For this process, weavers use Scissors for cutting extra piles and pencil colors for removing the color cuts.
When the weaving process is completed then they open the rug on the floor and wash it with detergent and warm water. They use a wooden plank to force the water through rug piles.
This is the rechecking process before delivery of the carpets. If anything required then finishing touches are given.